The "Summary" Dash

There is a little-known dash rule that is called the "summary dash." It is used when a sentence has concluded and a clause refers back to the subject of that sentence. The clause is really an appositive to the subject of the sentence.

(There are other instances of a summary dash that we will save for another day.)

...It was something I never expected to discover -- that the company was doing shoddy work.
...That is what I remember -- that he was always late to work.

Happy punctuating!