"i.e." and Its Friends

"Yes" and "No" Reading "i.e." and Its Friends 1 minute Next "i.e." and Its Friends, Part 2
These eight expressions are often used when something is being renamed or reiterated: i.e., that is, e.g., for example, to wit, namely, for instance, in other words The punctuation depends upon where they are in the sentence and/or what follows them. There are six rules; so we will do a few at a time. WHEN THESE WORDS AND WHAT FOLLOWS ARE AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE: If followed by a fragment, use a pair of commas. ...I bought a new car, that is, a VW Beetle. ...This is a very serious crime, to wit, murder. If followed by a complete sentence, use a semicolon and a comma. ...She has to have surgery; i.e., she has to have a hysterectomy. ...He was late that day; in other words, he didn't make it on time. If followed by a list, use a colon and a comma. ...Send everything to me: for example, bills, receipts, canceled checks. ...I visited several Oregon towns: namely, Eugene, Portland, Salem, Bend. Happy punctuating! Margie